Family Questions

CPP Cohort 4

Descriptive Statistics:

The questions in this category concern the impact that family members can have on a child’s development.  Of note, the data for these questions is not provided in this report as it was extra information for the clinicians’ use.  The questions within this section were used for clinical purposes only and are represented as dichotomous variables (yes/no). All but one question in this measure was dichotomized. Since this data is being used for clinical purposes only and consistency across these items was desirable, the last question (item about food) was dichotomized by combining the response options of “sometimes true” and “often true” into a single response option of “yes” while retaining the second response option of “no”. Since these questions are recorded as dichotomous variables (yes/no), pre- and post-treatment assessment measure means, standard deviations, and standard errors were not calculated.  The table below identifies how many caregivers answered “yes” or “no” at pre- and post-treatment.

Family Questions: Descriptive Statistics

Beyond the dichotomous items included in the table, two additional questions inquired about caregivers’ relationships with their spouses/partners using a Likert rating scale (0, 1, or 2).  The first question asked, “In general, how would you describe your relationship with your spouse/partner?”  At pre-treatment, 12 of 30 caregivers (40%) responded “no tension,” 11 of 30 caregivers (37%) responded “some tension,” 2 of 30 caregivers (7%) responded “a lot of tension,” and 5 of 30 caregivers (17%) responded “not applicable.”  Of note, 23 respondents were missing data at post-treatment. At post-treatment, 4 of the remaining 7 caregivers (57%) responded “no tension,” 1 of 7 caregivers (14%) responded “some tension,” 0 of 7 caregivers (0%) responded “a lot of tension,” and 2 of 7 caregivers (29%) responded “not applicable.”

The second question asked, “Do you and your partner work out arguments with difficulty?”  At pre-treatment, 13 of 30 caregivers (43%) responded “no difficulty,” 9 of 30 caregivers (30%) responded “some difficulty,” 2 of 30 caregivers (7%) responded “great difficulty,” and 6 of 30 caregivers (20%) responded “not applicable.”  Of note, 23 respondents were missing data at post-treatment. At post-treatment, 3 of the 7 remaining caregivers (43%) responded “no difficulty,” 2 of 7 caregivers (29%) responded “some difficulty,” 0 of 7 caregivers (0%) responded “great difficulty” and 2 of 7 caregivers (29%) responded “not applicable.”

Of note, there were two questions that inquired about caregiver depression symptoms; however, we did not collect this data. The SWYC uses the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 to assess caregiver depression. Clinicians in these CPP cohorts administered a separate, more detailed version of this measure (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) to assess caregiver depression. Results from this measure are discussed later in this report.

Repeated Measures Analyses: Since this data was used for clinical purposes only, paired samples t-tests were not conducted on the Family Questions.

Individual Clinically Significant Change: Since the Family Questions were used for clinical purposes only and were not treatment outcomes of focus, these outcomes were not examined for change from pre- to post-treatment.

 

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