SPARCS Cohort 4
The Youth Outcomes Questionnaire (YOQ)* is a self-report measure of treatment progress for children and adolescents (ages 4-17) receiving a mental health intervention. The YOQ assesses mental health functioning across six domains (i.e., intrapersonal distress, somatic problems, interpersonal relationships, critical items, social problems, and behavioral dysfunction).
Descriptive Statistics: Pre- and post-treatment assessment measure means, standard deviations, and standard errors for each subscale of the YOQ are listed in the table below, as well as the range of possible scores and range of clinically significant scores for each subscale.
YOQ Subscales: Descriptive Statistics
Repeated Measures: Repeated measures analyses (paired samples t-tests) were conducted to examine pre-post group mean differences on YOQ subscales and Total scores. Analyses showed statistically significant improvement in two domains of mental health functioning – Critical Items and Social Problems, as well as Total Scores.
YOQ Subscales: Paired Sample t-tests
YOQ Subscales: Pre-Post Treatment Mean Scores
YOQ Total Scores: Pre-post Treatment Mean Scores
Individual Clinically-Significant Change: At pre-treatment, 137 group participants had pre-treatment YOQ Total scores in the clinically significant range (≥ 47). Of note, 37 participants were missing post-treatment data for the YOQ Total scale. Analysis of the participants with post-treatment data showed that the YOQ Total scores for 25 of these 100 group members (25%) decreased to non-clinically significant levels at post-treatment.
For YOQ subscales, there were 126, 107, 138, 128, 128, and 112 group participants, respectively, with pre-treatment YOQ Interpersonal Distress, Somatic Problems, Interpersonal Relationships, Critical Items, Social Problems, and Behavioral Dysfunction scores at or above the appropriate clinical cut-off score (see descriptive table above for each subscale cut-off score). Of note, 34, 24, 35, 28, 29, and 31 participants, respectively, were missing post-treatment data for the YOQ Interpersonal Distress, Somatic Problems, Interpersonal Relationships, Critical Items, Social Problems, and Behavioral Dysfunction scales. Of the participants with post-treatment data, there were 23 of 92 (25%), 24 of 83 (29%), 14 of 103 (14%), 20 of 100 (20%), 22 of 99 (22%), and 22 of 81 (27%) participants, respectively, with YOQ Interpersonal Distress, Somatic Problems, Interpersonal Relationships, Critical Items, Social Problems, and Behavioral Dysfunction scores that decreased to non-clinically significant levels at post-treatment.
* Burlingame, G., Cox, J., Wells, G., Latkowski, M., Justice, D., Carter, C., & Lambert, M. (2005). The administration and scoring manual of the Youth Outcome Questionnaire. Salt Lake City, Utah: OQ Measures